Fireplaces, slow burning stoves, etc.

Indoor fireplaces (fireplaces, slow combustion stoves, etc.)

If you have just installed a solid burning appliance (indoor fireplace), it is strongly recommended that you have it inspected by a professional. Moreover, it must be approved by the Standards Council of Canada and bear a seal certifying that it complies with the manufacturing standards.

It is prohibited to burn garbage, scraps or recyclable materials in an indoor fireplace. Only dry wood, ecological logs and other products designed and specifically intended for heating, as indicated in the manufacturer's guide, may be used in an indoor fireplace.

Outdoor fireplaces

It is prohibited to burn garbage, scraps or recyclable material in an outdoor fireplace. Only dry wood or dry wood derivatives, coal, briquettes or any other product specifically designed and recognized for heating may be used in a fireplace.

Portable outdoor fireplace: no permit required

Use is subject to the manufacturer's instructions regarding use and installation.

In order to qualify, it must be:

  • fuelled by natural gas, propane gas, electricity or any other fuel specifically designed and recognized for heating;
  • standing solidly on the ground, carry the seal of a recognized organization, and be installed according to the manufacturer's instructions regarding use; and
  • located at least one metre away from any combustible material.

Permanent outdoor fireplace: permit required

You can build a fire in an outdoor fireplace. However, you have to apply for a permit from the Division de l'urbanisme in the service centre in your sector. Your permit will only be issued if you meet the applicable conditions and requirements.

An outdoor fireplace must be fireproof, solidly anchored into the ground, equipped with a grill and a lid to prevent sparks from escaping, and stand on a fireproof base. This base must extend more than one metre beyond the perimeter of the fireplace and must comply with the Ville de Gatineau zoning by-law.

Outdoor fireplaces must comply with the distance and clearance requirements under the municipal zoning by-law, that is to say:

  • 16 metres away from a main building;
  • 6 metres away from an accessory building, shed or garage;
  • 20 metres away from a property line; and
  • 3 metres away from a tree, bush, shrub or other vegetation.

Permits cost $50.

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