Every cat and dog must be registered by its owner and have its licence renewed annually. In the case of dogs, their weight must be indicated when they are registered.
Licences are valid from January 1 to December 31, and must be renewed annually before December 31.
Dogs and cats are required to wear their tags.
There are several ways to obtain or renew a licence:
Pets must be kept on their owner's or guardian's property under the control and supervision of an adult or in a fenced-in property, attached or in an enclosure.
A maximum of four pets (cats and dogs combined) are permitted per dwelling.
A dog's owner is responsible for providing for its material needs and ensuring that it behaves properly, regardless of its breed or size.
A dog must be kept on the same property where its owner or guardian resides, in a fenced-in area or attached or in an enclosure or restrained by some other means. This rule does not apply on properties in agricultural areas or outside the urban perimeter.
Dogs must behave in a socially acceptable manner, that is to say they must not bark, howl, growl or cause unpleasantness for passers-by or the neighbourhood.
In a public area, a dog must at all times be under the control of a person who is capable of controlling it, and must be on a leash no longer than 1.85 metres (6 feet), except in a dog exercise area. Retractable leashes are not recommended. In addition, a dog that weighs 22 kilograms (44 pounds) or more must wear a harness or a halter to which its leash is attached.
Any gross negligence in the custody, maintenance, health or well-being of an animal constitutes an infraction. Dogs and cats must be vaccinated against rabies and other contagious diseases.
An animal's owner or guardian must immediately pick up its droppings on any public or private property–including his or her own–and dispose of those droppings in a hygienic manner. Biodegradable bags are recommended, and should be discarded in the garbage.
Dogs that pose a risk, dogs that are declared potentially dangerous, and dogs that are being monitored
A dog is not deemed potentially dangerous based on its breed or size but because of its behaviour.
In order to maximize everyone's safety and reduce the risks related to dogs, Gatineau has adopted special measures related to the management of dogs.
As soon as Gatineau is notified that a dog has attacked, bitten or shown signs of aggression towards a person or a pet, it is deemed a dog that poses a risk, and an investigation is immediately initiated. The dog may undergo a behavioural assessment by a dog behaviourist to determine how much of a risk it poses. The owner is responsible for covering the cost of the assessment.
During the determination of whether a dog is potentially dangerous, the owner or guardian is required to apply the following measures:
An owner or a guardian who fails to comply with any of these measures is liable to penalties.
Following an investigation, upon receipt of a behavioural assessment or when justified by circumstances, Gatineau may declare a dog as potentially dangerous.
The owner or guardian of a dog declared potentially dangerous is required to apply the following measures:
A dog declared potentially dangerous is not permitted in any municipal park, municipal playground, recreational pathway or dog exercise area within Gatineau.
Following an investigation, if it is determined that it would not be justified to declare as potentially dangerous a dog presenting signs of aggression, that dog is automatically added to the list of dogs being monitored. Pursuant to by-law number 183 2005, that dog's owner must meet certain conditions.
For the full version of the by-law concerning dogs declared potentially dangerous, go to gatineau.ca.
A dog owner or guardian who infringes the by-law is liable to a fine ranging from:
An owner or guardian who provides false or misleading information when registering an animal is liable to a fine ranging from $250 to $1,500.
An owner or guardian who infringes the special conditions concerning potentially dangerous dogs is liable to a fine ranging from:
An owner or guardian is responsible for:
A dog must:
A dog may be walked on leash in certain parks in Gatineau, as long as it meets the following conditions:
Dogs are not permitted in the following areas:
For the list of parks where dogs may be walked on leash, go to gatineau.ca.
Dogs may be walked off leash in the following parks:
Sites managed by a non-profit organization
The Municipal Council may at any time revise the list of sites where dogs may be walked on or off leash. For the most up-to-date information, check the municipal Web site.
For the full version of by-law 183-2005 (in French only) go to gatineau.ca.
Recognized for its quality of life, Gatineau is a city of 290,000 inhabitants. It is located on the north shore of the Ottawa River, and extends east and west of the Gatineau River.